MORE THAN JUST A SPACE

FeaturedMORE THAN JUST A SPACE

SPACE IS A SIMPLE WORD COMPRISING DEFINITIONS OF DIFFERENT PERSPECTIVES.ACCORDING TO THE DICTIONARY SPACE IS A VACUUM THAT SURROUNDS US. THE QUESTION IS HOW ARCHITECTS DECODE A SPACE? WELL THERE ARE CERTAIN STEPS, FIRST IT HAS ITS PHYSICAL FORM THAT CAN BE EASILY DECODED AND DESCRIBED BY CHARACTERISTICS SUCH AS LENGTH, WIDTH,SCALE, GEOMETRY, TEXTURE, COLOR, LIGHT ETC.SECONDLY, IT HAS OTHER CHARACTERS THAT ARE ABSTRACT AND COMPLEX, AND DIFFICULT TO TALK ABOUT. THESE CODES, RULES AND ABSTRACT PARTS SHAPING MEANINGFUL THINGS IN SPACE.

SPACE IS MORE THAN A SIMPLE VOLUME THAT SURROUNDS US. PEOPLE TRY TO UNDERSTAND SPACE EITHER BY ITS PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS OR BY THEIR PERSONAL FEELINGS ABOUT IT. SPACE IS A SPECIFIED AND DEFINED AREA WHERE HUMAN LIVES-WHICH EN CAVES LIFE. SPACE IS MEANINGLESS WITHOUT FOOTPRINTS OF ANY INHABITANTS- OF HUMANS , ANIMALS OR ANY TANGIBLE/INTANGIBLE THING.ACCORDING TO PHILOSOPHER IMMANUEL KANT, SPACE IS A “PRIORI”,IT IS EVERYWHERE AND EVERYTHING IS IN IT,T HOLDS EVERYTHING THAT OUR EYES CAN BOUND TO. BUT ARCHITECTURE DEFINES SPACE AS VOLUME OR GAP BETWEEN FLOORS, CEILING AND WALLS.
THE WORLD VIEW ABOUT SPACE IS CONTINUOUSLY BEEN CHANGING FROM TIME TO TIME. IN LATER MEDIEVAL AND EARLY RENAISSANCE PERIOD SPACE WAS WELL DEFINED BY OVERLAPPING OBJECTS. IN DUCCIO MAESTA’S ALTARPIECE ,PAINTED FOR SCIENE CATHEDRAL IN 1301, THERE IS A GIANT VIRGIN WITH A BOY IN THE MIDDLE THAT ARE ENTHRONED AND SURROUNDED BY SAINTS RAISING THEIR GESTURES TOWARDS THE VIRGIN. IN THIS PAINTING THE SAINTS AND ANGLES , AND THE VIRGIN OBVIOUSLY OCCUPIES THE SAME SPACE. BUT, THE MOMENT WE SEE THE VIRGIN, IT LOOKS BIGGER THAN THE SAINTS SURROUNDING HER. THERE COULD BE TWO POSSIBLE REASON FOR THIS, EITHER THE VIRGIN IS A GIANT OR THE SAINTS AND VIRGIN DOES NOT OCCUPY THE SAME SPACE. IN EARLY RENAISSANCE PERIOD THE STYLE OF GIVING SENSE OF SPACE IN PAINTINGS WAS BY OVERLAPPING OBJECTS THAT OCCUPY SAME SPACE. LATER, THE REPRESENTATION OF SPACE BEGIN TO CHANGE AND SHOWING DEPTH IN PAINTINGS CAME TO PICTURE, WHERE PAINTERS TRY TO RELATE SPACE WITH SHOWING DEPTH IN PAINTINGS AND ALSO ARCHITECTURAL FEATURES LIKE ARCHES, CEILING DOORS AND WINDOWS AFFECT THE REPRESENTATION SENSE OF SPACE.CHITNAVIS CENTER

SCIENTISTS VIEW SPACE OBJECTIVELY. THEY BELIEVE THE EARTH IS AN OBJECT AND SPACE IS A THING AROUND IT WHICH CAN BE MEASURED. THIS HAS NOT TO DO ANYTHING WITH HUMAN PSYCHOLOGY OR FEELINGS. THE SPACE WE FEEL WILL BE TOTALLY DIFFERENT THAN THE SPACE SCIENTISTS MEASURE. SOME MODERN WORLD VIEWS DESCRIBE SPACE AS AN ENDLESS ENTITY. IT EXTENDS INFINITELY IN ALL DIRECTIONS.EVERYTHING IN THIS UNIVERSE (OR BEYOND) IS WITHIN SPACE AND WE OCCUPY THE SAME SPACE. SPACE OCCUPIES EVERYTHING AND ANYTHING, IT IS LIMITLESS AND EXTENDS INFINITELY. IT IS IMPORTANT TO TAKE IN ACCOUNT THE DEPTH OF SPACE AND TO UNDERSTAND ITS IMPORTANCE.SOME PAINTINGS OF RENAISSANCE PERIOD SHOW DEPTH OF SPACE BY OVERLAPPING THE OBJECTS, ALSO THE PAINTERS OF THIS PERIOD DEPICTS DEPTH BY GIVING TEXTURES OF DIFFERENT GRADES OR BY SHOWING ARCHITECTURAL FEATURES LIKE DOORS, WINDOW, AND ARCHES. SOME MODERNISTS ALSO DEFINE DEPTH OF SPACE IN FACADES OF BUILDINGS. ONE FAMOUS EXAMPLE IS VILLA STEIN BY LE CORBUSEIR, WHERE HE PLAYED WITH PLANES BY OVERLAPPING THEM AND GIVING SPECIFIC DISTANCE BETWEEN THEM.
HOW HUMAN PERCEIVE A SPACE IS AN IMPORTANT FACTOR, DEFINITION OF SPACE CAN CHANGE PERSON TO PERSON IN ACCORDANCE WITH HIS/HER PERSPECTIVE. THEY MAY BE MORE INCLINED TOWARDS THE FEELING OF TYPE OF ENCLOSER OR BY VISUAL CONNECTIVITY.HENCE DE MARKING OF A SPACE IS IMPORTANT, AND THAT CAN BE DONE IN MANY WAYS, SPACE CAN BE DEFINED BY DEMARKING ITS BOUNDRIES OR DIFFERNTLY TREATING THE BASE PLANE, OR BY CREATING A SPACEFRAME BY DEMARKING THE CORNER POINTS OF SPACE ( CAN BE SEEN IN TAJ MAHAL, AGRA AND HAGIA SOPHIA, AFGANISTAN)

OPENING OF SPACES PLAYS A SPATIAL ROLE IN DEFINING A SPACE IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE ACTIVITY THE SPACE SERVES TO.FOR EXAMPLE AN ENCLOSED ROOM WITH ONLY A SMALL WINDOW WILL GIVE EXPRESSION OF HOPE, OR EXPRESSION OF A NEED, FEAR, LONELYNESS, CLOSED, COMPRESSED, SHRINKED,HELPLESS. WHEREAS A ROOM HAVING LARGE OPENINGS WILL GIVE AN HAPPY, WELCOMING, OPEN, FREE, STRETCHED, FREE EXPRESSION. OPENINGS ARE IMPORTANT AS A LIGHT & VENILATION SOURCE FOR SPACE AND GIVES BEST VIEWS OF OUTSIDE.

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ARCHICULTURE

Architecture and culture are bounded to each other since human evolved 13 million years ago.These two things cant be separated from each other, they both need each other to breath.

CULTURE is what? its a lifestyle, the way human live and develops,the way it affects other human beings and hence creates a society having same thoughts. this has a huge impact on the way human lives, and to live he needed a space where he can accommodate his kind of living. hence, he made his own house that gives him comfortable living. Many such houses came together, as human lives in group, to form a settlement. As time grew many factors started to affect the kind of living-culture-like economy, social behavior, climate, technology,  inventions, and mythologies. These factors have different impacts on architecture of different regions, since the world have different climatic zones,giving rise to different cultures. this relationship between architecture and culture can be seen in early civilizations also, like Mohenjo-daro, Harrappa, Babylon, Ur etc. The relation between house form and culture is best explored by Ar. Amos Rapopot and can be seen in his book House Form and Culture.

The architecture today is more inclined towards technology and using it to give thermal comfort to the occupants, called the Green buildings.The modern era has a totally different culture from what humans had million years ago, influenced by culture and driven by technology. Some master Architects like Ken yang, Christopher Charles , Big Architects(firm) and many others are helping to make this society  a better place to live by creating green buildings.

The culture today or what we call MODERN CULTURE is very much influenced by nature. humans intention now is to live with the nature without affecting it by technological advancements (since he realized the impacts after industrial revolution). In my perspective architecture make culture and cultures makes architecture.And so forming ARCHICULTURE.